The growing teens and steroids nexus is one of the major problems of recent times. Society is witnessing a noxious nexus between "teens and steroids" . The use of anabolic steroids is rising among the high school-age children. Most of the teens are using steroids because of cosmetic reasons and concern about body image.The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), a branch of the National Institutes of Health in the United States, along with seven national partners has launched an initiative to cut off the link between teens and steroids. The NIDA Director Dr. Alan I. Leshner at a Washington, D.C., press conference to announce the initiative, The most recent data from our Monitoring the Future survey tell us that the trends in teens and steroids are going in the wrong direction.The statistics on teens and steroids are really stunning. NIDA says, More than a half million 8th- and 10th-grade students are now using these dangerous drugs steroids), and increasing numbers of high school seniors say they don't believe the drugs are risky."Anabolic steroids are synthetic compounds imitating the actions of the male sex hormone testosterone. Undoubtedly, these steroids have some medical uses, but they are often abused by some athletes and sports enthusiasts to increase muscle mass and improve performance. However, the teens abusing steroids are just opening themselves out to serious risks and side effects. According to NIDA, anabolic steroid abuse in adolescents can halt bone growth and has been associated with damage to the heart, kidneys, and liver. Steroid abuse in males can lead to impotence, shrunken testicles, and breast enlargement. The abuse of steroids may lead to menstrual irregularities, growth of body hair and loss of scalp hair, a deepened voice, and reduction in breast size in females. Some of these biological effects are irreversible. The use of anabolic steroids also has been linked to increased and unpredictable levels of aggression in human and animal studies.
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Pregnant women have special dietary needs. They need to follow a healthy diet not only for their body, but more importantly for the development of their unborn child. The expression eating for two plainly describes this need for greater nutrient intake during pregnancy. Some women unfortunately interpret this as gorging on as much food as they can stomach. While pregnant women are expected to gain a certain amount of weight during pregnancy, it can be dangerous to gain too much weight from eating too much food. Eating for two does not mean increasing one's food intake, but refers to improving the quality of one's diet. What pregnant women must keep in mind is that the baby is not as big as a full grown adult, so his/her dietary consumption is greatly different.Pregnancy is governed by several complex processes that require women to increase their body's supply of vitamins and minerals in order to meet the demands of an expanding blood supply, the growth of maternal tissues, a developing fetus, loss of maternal tissues at birth and preparation for lactation. Nutrient deficiency may lead to problems during pregnancy, and these can generally be averted or helped if the mother follows a sensible diet. Among these health issues are anemia, fluctuating blood pressure, preeclampsia, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and diabetes in pregnancy.During pregnancy the basic principles of healthy eating remain the same plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains and lean sources of protein. This is aided by the fact that during pregnancy, your body becomes more efficient at absorbing nutrients in the digestive system. Instead, the body doesn't excrete nutrients to build up stores of vitamins and minerals. However, certain nutrients must be emphasized in the diet. These nutrients, such as folate (folic acid), calcium, vitamin D, iron, protein and essential fatty acids (EFAs), are essential for the baby's growth and development. lWomen need more folate, a B vitamin, during pregnancy to support their expanding blood volume and the growth of maternal and fetal tissues, and to decrease the risk to the fetus of neural tube defects (NTDs). NTDs are serious abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord. Lack of folate also may increase the risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight and poor fetal growth. Among the best sources of folate are leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, and dried beans and peas, while the synthetic form of folate found in supplements and fortified foods (such as cereals) is known as folic acid. lPregnant and lactating women need calcium and vitamin D to maintain the integrity of their bones, while providing for the skeletal development of the fetus and the production of breast milk. Vitamin D increases intestinal absorption of calcium and is essential for the body to use calcium efficiently. Calcium helps the circulatory, muscular and nervous systems run normally. If there's not enough calcium in the pregnant woman's diet, the calcium the baby needs will be taken from the mother's bones. The best sources of calcium and vitamin D are dairy products.lAdditional iron is needed during pregnancy to increase the maternal red blood cell mass and to supply the growing fetus and placenta. The body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to the body's tissues. During pregnancy the need for iron doubles, because the blood volume expands to accommodate changes in a woman's body and the baby must make his or her entire blood supply. Lack of iron in the blood may result not only in fatigue and increased susceptibility to infections, but may also increase the risk of pre-term delivery and low birth weight. Iron can be found in abundantly in lean red meat, poultry and fish.lProtein is crucial for your baby's growth, especially during the second and third trimesters. Getting enough protein is important for both mother and baby to build muscle and other tissues, enzymes, hormones, and antibodies. Good sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, nuts, and low- or non-fat dairy products.lIt is important that pregnant women consume adequate amounts of essential fatty acids (EFAs) in their daily eating patterns for proper fetal neural and visual development.Women are also encouraged by their doctors to keep track of what they are eating in a diary, to make sure that their diet encompasses all the required nutrients. Having a sensible diet coupled with mild exercise will help ensure that both mother and baby are healthy and happy.
In recent weeks, drug-resistant staph infections have been making the headlines. Top US doctors are now calling staphylococcus aureus bacteria as the cockroach of bacteria due to its ability to lurk in various places and spread easily clinging on unwashed hands. The culprit is MRSA, or methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, which is a form of the most common staph family of germs. Statistics reveal that about one in every three people carries staph aureus bacteria in their noses, and about one million people carry the MRSA type.Over time, germs evolve to withstand treatment. Most staph is no longer treatable by the granddaddy of antibiotics, penicillin. By the 1960s, staph also began developing resistance to a narrow-spectrum antibiotic, methicillin.While MRSA is not a new problem, public anxiety about bacterial infection is. But the recent turn of events should not trigger any panic as this isn't something just floating around in the air, said Dr. Julie Gerberding, head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Staph infections occur only during close contact like sharing towels and razors, or rolling on the wrestling mat or football field with open wounds that are not protected with bandages. And according to Gerberding, MRSA is preventable largely by common-sense hygiene.Soap and water is the cheapest intervention we have, and it's one of the most effective, Gerberding told a hearing of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.Diseases caused by MRSA are mostly skin infections, such as boils and abscesses. But it can sometimes spread to cause life-threatening blood infections. Last October, it's been reported that the first national estimate of serious MRSA infections reached 94,000 a year. It's not clear how many people die, but one estimate put the MRSA death toll at more than 18,000, slightly higher than U.S. deaths from AIDS.MRSA have two distinct strains: a type spread in hospitals and other health facilities, and a genetically different type spread in communities. Most MRSA victims are hospital patients; only 14 percent of serious MRSA infections are the kind spread in the community.But the death of a 17-year-old Virginia high school student triggered a wave of reports of MRSA infections in different schools which prompted lawmakers to pepper Gerberding with the following questions: Should schools close for cleaning if a student gets MRSA? Gerberding said that it's not necessary. Bleach and a list of other germicides can be used in routine cleaning of areas and equipment where bacteria cluster and thrive.There's no need to go in and disinfect a whole school, because that isn't how this organism is transmitted, she said. How worried should parents be? According to Gerberding, some 200 children a year will get serious MRSA, and the vast majority will be treated successfully. Community-spread MRSA is still easily treated by many other routine antibiotics. So wash and bandage cuts, and seek prompt medical care if they show signs of infection.Most outbreaks of community-spread MRSA occur not in schools but in prisons, where inmates share toiletries and don't use soap, or the lack of it. Should every patient entering a hospital be tested for MRSA, and isolated if they harbor it? Some hospitals have begun that, but current guidelines call for that step only if hospitals fail to reduce MRSA infections by less drastic means, Gerberding said.Gerberding's concern is that patients in isolation get less care. Doctors and nurses check on them less. They get more bed sores which makes the body prone to other life-threatening germs.The biological conundrum is that hospital-based MRSA is more common, vulnerable to fewer antibiotics than the strain spread in communities, and those already-ill patients are more likely to die from it. Yet, the community strain of MRSA may be somewhat stronger, possibly explaining why otherwise healthy people sometimes succumb.It's a strain called USA300 that penetrates the skin and cause key immune cells like the white blood cells to explode, setting off a chain inflammation reaction, Gerberding explained. Unlike most hospital MRSA, USA300 also produces a toxin known as PVL, and scientists are furiously investigating its role.Invention of new antibiotics may help fight MRSA, but the fact that germs will always evolve make doctors believe that going back to the basics of washing our hands clean and keeping our wounds covered remain to be our best defense against bacterial infections.
Well, time machine non-withstanding, science is helping us find the secrets of eternal youth, telling us how the body can rejuvenate on its own. What better way than to start with something as natural as the body itself?What you eatIt's no secret that what you eat can dramatically improve your health, but what you choose to put in your mouth can also improve the elasticity and resilience of your skin.Food high in water content works wonders for a youthful skin. As do antioxidants, like vitamins B, A, C, E, which help fight toxins like chemicals, which attack and damage skin. A multivitamin, too, goes a long way in giving you the adequate protection against collagen and skin cell damage that accelerate aging.Striking oilOmega fatty acids found in some edible oils help keep your skin firm and elastic, improve the health of your hair and protect you from heart disease.One of the best sources of omega acids is Flax oil. If you want to double the benefits, sprinkle some flax seeds on your food as well.Out of the sunIt may sound like old potion in new bottle, but sunscreen works. In addition to the right diet, protecting bare skin with sunscreen when you are outdoors keeps aging problems at bay down the years.Drink it upWhen you're thirsty, drinking lots of liquids helps, but there is nothing like water to quench your thirst. It helps to keep your skin youthful and well hydrated. And draw out and eliminate toxins.Dry skin is more prone to wrinkling, or at least showing those wrinkles that are already there.In the bottleAnd if you still aren't seeing results, then look to the new face products that include collagen and retin. Both of these ingredients have been shown to decrease the appearance of fine lines and some lighter wrinkles. Copper and vitamin A creams are also demonstrating that they can work as well.It might be a while till the time machine gets to us. Time may not wait, buy you can always make the wait seem longer - keep looking youthful for that much longer.